Richard Wagner (1813-1883)

Richard Wagner, Munich

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Written by Nurel Javissyarqi
Translated by Agus B. Harianto

Wilhelm Richard Wagner was born in Leipzig, German May 22, 1813 who died at February 13, 1883. He is an influential composer, music theorist and writer, his best-known works are opera. His music is still frequently played is “Ride of the Valkyries” from Die Walküre also “Bridal Chorus” from Lohengrin. Wagner is a controversial figure because his innovation of music, drama also supporters of anti-Semitism thought. In the history of music, he was classified as composer of Romantic Era. His father was lowly municipal official, and died six months after his birth. At August 1814, his mother married with an actor named Ludwig Geyer. Geyer was rumored as Wagner’s real father, and he died when Wagner was six years old, and then her mother grew him up alone. (From http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Wagner)

Although Wagner was especially writing operas, More

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The Expressionists Indonesian Maestro Painting

Indonesian poet Chairil Anwar (1922 - 1949)

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Written by Nurel Javissyarqi
Translated by Agus B. Harianto

Koesoema Affandi who was born in Cirebon, West Java, 1907 – died at May 23, 1990 in Yogyakarta is Indonesia Maestro of Painting. He became famous in the world by his distinctive expressionist style. At 1950s, he had a lot of solo exhibitions held in India, UK, Europe and the United States. The painter who produced more than two thousand paintings. Before he became a painter he was a teacher and the ticket man, or even the cinema billboard maker. At 1930s, he joined to the group “Lima Pelukis Bandung;”Hendra Gunawan, Barli, Sudarso, Wahdi and Affandi”, and Affandi was credible to leadership position. He has great contributed to the development of Indonesia’s art. At 1943, he had the first solo exhibition held in “Gedung Poetra Djakarta”, during the Japanese occupation. And at that time “Empat Serangkai” consists of Ir. Soekarno, Drs. Mohammad Hatta, Ki Hajar Dewantara and Kyai Haji Mas Mansyur, directing the Cultural Section of the “Poetra” (Poesat Tenaga Rakyat, the Center of People’s Power). Affandi acted as jobholder, S. Soedjojono was in charge. When this republic was proclaimed at 1945, More

Adelbert von Chamisso (1781-1838)

Written by Nurel Javissyarqi
Translated by Agus B. Harianto

NYANYIAN KANON
Adelbert von Chamisso

Itulah kesusahan dari zaman yang sulit!
Itulah zaman yang sulit dari kesusahan!
Itulah kesusahan yang sulit dari zaman!
Itulah zaman dari kesusahan yang sulit!

SONG OF CANON
By Adelbert von Chamisso More

Ben Okri and the Real Poet

Written by Nurel Javissyarqi
Translated by Agus B. Harianto

“Poet contrasted with the world, because he could not accept anything appeared as it is” (Ben Okri).

The poet comes from craze anxiety over the burden of his environment; sphere where he found great problems, in front of him statement of life is incompetent, colors are chaos. However, when he is seeing the blue sky, his breathing space is found in relief, the clouds is flying as such a form of social movements, stacks of civilization. And, when the wind is coming, he found the past ages giving news, and then decreased again to get a little tame chaos.

Hence, More

Frederick Delius (1862-1934)

Frederick Delius with his wife Jelka Rosen in ...

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Written by Nurel Javissyarqi
Translated by Agus B. Harianto

Fritz Theodor Albert Delius was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, England January 29, 1862, and his parents from Bielefeld, Germany. He learnt to play violin and piano until be expert before his teenager. He went to Bradford Grammar School (1874-1878), two years in the International College London, an apprentice in his father’s business. March 1884, he persuaded his father to his cultivation of oranges in Florida, United States. At there, he played the piano and found a local source of theory to learn for, and an organ Jacksonville named Thomas Ward influenced him. He absorbed the song of Negro workers, documented in Florida Suite (1886-1887). Just one and a half years left before he went to Danville, Virginia confidently to teach music. Followed his son to go to music school, and listed his son in the Leipzig Conservatorium, where Delius had ever studied (1886-1888). To Paris almost a decade, moving from small-scale writing of instrumental music, opera, orchestral pieces of Irmelin opera (1890-1892), The Magic Fountain (1894-1895), Koanga (1895-1897). Bigger scale of orchestra with solo voice, Paa Viderne (1888), Sakuntala (1889), Maud (1891), and in 1889 he finished symphonic poem Life’s Dance (first version). The eclecticism of the works is proved by his inspiration from English literature, Norwegian, Danish, German, French, Middle Ages, North American Indians and Negros, Florida landscaping and mountainscape of Scandinavia. With all his incredible work had done, More

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